This means that every citizen has a right to access health care services, irrespective of a citizen’s social and economic status (Jonas amp. Karen, 2007). Based on this premise, the World Health Organization have convinced many countries including the United States to formulate and implement local and national health policies meant to facilitate non-discriminatory access to essential health care services. Supposedly, national healthcare systems should provide universal health care to all citizens, failure to which amounts to violation and infringement of a fundamental human right. Contextually, it emerges that the support and advocacy of universal health care systems are merely theoretical. In practice, substantial discrepancies and inefficiencies are experienced by national health care systems of most countries. According to reports from the World Health Organization, certain social, economic and political barriers hinder achievement of universal health care systems in most nations. Practically, it emerges that most health care systems today, including the US national health care system, sufficiently address the needs of wealthy members of societies, and inadequately covers on the health care needs of poor people (Reid, 2009). Apparently, most nations’ health care systems lack mechanisms that could provide holistic health care services to its poor citizens. In formulation of health care policies and initiatives, health care approaches that would sufficiently address the needs of the poor are often under-resourced or discouraged. As a result, most national health care systems provide highly fragmented services to patients. Consequently, social and economic inequality seems to undermine achievement of universal health care by all citizens. Conventionally, inefficiencies in national health care systems would be expected to materialize in under-developed and developing nations of Asia and Africa.