The Roles of the Prison Service and Probation Service

This type of legal sentence is given based on the concept that the convicted persons to be punished for criminal actions or offense done by him/her and which has been properly proven in the country. Retribution is based on the views of Kant as expressed in The Metaphysical elements of Justice in the 19th century. According to the view of Karl, judicial punishment cannot be used as a way to promote any kind of good for the convicted person and for the society in which he belongs. Instead, the judicial punishment should be imposed on a convicted person only when the crime of the person is proven. Also, the legal sentences as a form of punishment should be imposed because the person has committed a crime (Wright, 2010). Therefore, it can be concluded from the above statements that retribution is based on the facts like whether the crime is actually committed, whether the crime is proven in the courts with sufficient pieces of evidence of the crime and makes sure that the legal sentences and punishments given to the convicted are in direct proportion to the extent of his/her offense. Retribution is an age-old type of objective of legal sentences which was also seen in the bible. Retribution is mentioned in the bible where it is written that when a murder is committed then the justified punishment for this crime would be the death penalty. The main objective underlying retribution is that the punishments given to a convict should match the degree of offense committed by the convict and should also represent the disapproval of the society with regard to the committed offense. However, there is a drawback of retribution as an object to be achieved through legal sentences. This drawback is that many external factors can interfere with the sentence of retribution (Martin, 2010).

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