Various studies have been conducted to formulate that about 45% of the US population is known to have one or more chronic illness and this illness account for 78% of all health care spending. (Managing Care for Adults with Chronic Conditions, 2002, par. 2) The percentage alone divulges relevant information on the sheer number of possible clients needing patient care. Patients with chronic illnesses such as arthritis, hypertension, diabetes, among others, have actual and potential learning needs. Chronic disorders can impair mobility and therefore “interfere with learning psychomotor skills as a result of decreased flexibility and dexterity of the fingers”. (Delaune Ladner, 2006, 424) Other chronic illnesses such as diabetes require continuing education and monitoring of their health situation and their ability to take care of themselves. Diabetes required regular monitoring of levels of blood sugar which is affected by the nature of the patient’s diet and physical activity. Further, as averred by Daniels, Nosek Nicoll (2007, 1833), “diabetes mellitus and hypertension are the two most common causes of Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) in the United States” ultimately leading to Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT).Statistics on the number of end-stage renal patients have been seen to be on the increasing trend since 1996 with patients on dialysis showing a similar trend. (MEDPAC, 2009, 1) This essay is hereby written to discuss the impact of the concept of demand and supply on resorting to dialysis, as an end-stage renal service and mainstay of RRT.The article was written by Infiniti Research Limited (2010, 1) proffer that “end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is an irreversible loss of kidney function, which requires treatment with dialysis or transplantation.” The treatment, through dialysis, includes artificial means for the removal of toxins and excess fluids from the bloodstream. The numbers of patients with end-stage renal disorders have been increasing due to factors such asdietary habits of people in general.