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Reply to other classmates’ threads, providing commentary, feedback, suggested reading, or questions for consideration. Reply must be 250 words and provide 1 reference in APA format.Student 1 ResponseSchool discipline is the hot topic in education that keeps leaders constantly intrigued about their next steps. Thus, there is a disparity amongAfrican American students and students with disabilities when it comes to school discipline. Unfortunately, the topic of discrimination has been associated with this disparity but our text by Check andSchutt(2012)wrotethat there are other underlyingcontributing factors to educationalproblems. Thus, I believe that while race and disability may be factors, there are other situations and circumstances that should also be factored into the study. For example,students’ environment, availability to resources, and other mediating factors impact the measuring tools for the educational divide. Students with disabilities have evaluations and medicals diagnoses that allow those who are thorough enough to establish a sense of understanding of that student. Unlike the general education African American who has not formed relationships, their struggles are unknown. With the two demographics often overlapping, some historical information is known for that percentage.However,Nowickiand United StatesGovernment Accountability Office (2018) creates logical explanations for discipline problems among these groups. The report examined how mental health and trauma are contributing factors to the disparity that creates a domino effect that impacts education but also the ones’ potential earning ability. Discipline disparity is a school level occurrence that has its way of manifesting a larger social problem. The lack of education yields lower potential earnings,and this can be directly linked to missed classroom time resulting from suspensions.Cai(2019) established that the discipline disparity is a nationwide concern that has been substantiated by data that approximately 50 percent of the students with disabilities are African American but they make up 70 percent of the out-of-school discipline. The more time absent from school creates a wider education gap with students falling behind, dropping out, and possibly entering the criminal justice system.O’Conner, Porowski, and Passa(2014) performed a study in Maryland public schools and validated that there is a concern about the disparity in school discipline. The findings showed that African Americans and students with disabilities were twice as likely to receive discipline that removed them from the educational setting. This removal ultimately creates an educational divide due to missed educational opportunities. Consequently,the suspensions, expulsions,and missed class time potentially lead to repeat offenses and lower future earnings due to the lack of education.The aforementioneddocuments support my stance that there is a need to be concerned about discipline disparity among African Americans and students with disabilities. While there is no clear cut one size fits all to this problem, discussion and acknowledgment are the first paths to a solution. Districts and government organizations are capturing and analyzing the data but there is no clear-cut solution.Currently, there are more questions than answers.ReferencesCai, J, (2019). Special ed discipline disparities. Retrieved forhttps://www.nsba.org/ASBJ/2019/August/Special-Education-DisparitiesCheck, J., & Schutt, R. (2012).Research methods in education.SAGE Publishing, Inc.Nowicki, J. M., &UnitedStates Government Accountability Office. (2018). K-12 Education: Discipline disparity for blacks, boys, and students with disabilities. Report to Congressional Requestors. GAO-18-258.US Government Accountability OfficeO’Conner, R., Porowski, A., Passa, A., Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-Atlantic (ED), & National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance (ED0. (2014). Disproportionality in school discipline: An assessment of trends in Maryland, 2019-12. Stated Briefly,REL 2014-003.Regional Educational Laboratory Mid-AtlanticStudent 2 ResponseFor my educational issue, I selected children watching television. I have four beliefs about this issue. They are:1.)Children should not watch more than two to three hours of television per day.When I was a child, I was not allowed to watch more than an hour of television each day. Instead, I read lots of books, and as an adult, I do not have a huge desire to watch television. My mom did a great job of keeping me away from the television. As a single mom in graduate school, I have been guilty of letting my kids watch too much television or YouTube. But I work hard to keep them busy. I am almost through planning their entire summer vacation with their limited social interaction so that they will not be watching as much television during COVID-19, and while I study and take online classes. We all need to decompress sometimes, but I am against too much television at such a young age.2.)The content of what a child watches make a huge difference!This morning I told my eleven-year-old that if he wanted to keep watching television that he had to watch discovery instead of Minecraft on YouTube. He, of course, cried, but Minecraft is meaningless and teaches him nothing. The discovery station explores the unexposed factor that he may never encounter.s, on the other hand. I also liked Mickey Mouse Clubhouse when he was younger because it taught shapes, colors, etc. The textbook also encourages parents to talk to their children about what they see on the television (Check & Schutt, 2012). We enjoy watching animal planet one day hewants to be a veterinarian. We like to discuss what we are watching.3.)Childcare is better for children than television.I was confused by what the book presented. It claimed that children in childcare were more likely to have behavioral problems (Check & Schutt, 2012). But I would instead put my children in childcare or a structured learning center that have them bored at home watching television. Find a summer day camp, a Vacation Bible School, or a fun class for your kids! Join a gym! Just do NOT stick them in front of the television all summer.4.)Is Early Head Start Successful?This is a hot topic and was mixed in with the issue of children watching too much television. The textbook claims that Early Head Start is successful. I was very, very surprised to read this! Universal Pre-K is an issue that is very close to my heart, so I have read many journal articles on the pros and cons of early childhood education. I have unfortunately read many articles that have followed children who participated in a Head Start program, and the benefits from the program did not last through elementary school. These children often also had behavioral problems. But I do not believe that this is the Head Start program’s fault. Head Start is targeted towards low-income families who are often uneducated. The issue of these families living in poverty and being uneducated is why these children are struggling to retain what they have learned and why they are having behavioral problems. Early Head Start is a great program and helps prepare children for kindergarten.ReferencesCheck, J., &Schutt, R. K. (2012).Research methods in education. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.Felitti, V. J., Anda, R. F., Nordenberg, D., Williamson, D. F., Spitz, A. M., Edwards, V…Marks, J.S., (1998). Relationships of childhood abuse and household dysfunction to many of the leading causes of death in adults: The adverse childhood experiences (ACE) study. American Journal of Preventative Medicine 14(4), 245-258.Jones, G., Ostojic, D., Menard, J., Picard, E., & Miller, C. J. (2017). Primary Prevention of Reading Failure: Effect of Universal Peer Tutoring in the Early Grades.The Journal of Educational Research,110(2), 171- 176.https://doi.org/10.1080/00220671.2015.1060929Metzler, M., Merrick, M.T., Klevens, J., Ports, K.A., & Ford, D. C. (2016). Adverse childhood experiences and life opportunities: Shifting the narrative. Children and Youth Services Review 72, 141-149.

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