Reflective Writing Help GuideCan you give me some examples of reflection?Reading and acting on your managers/peers/clients/tutors feedback on your work to improve itKeeping a learning journal in order to record changes in your practice/knowledge/skills. Keeping a record of your learning development via e.g. PebblepadWhat is reflective writing?much more than a description of facts or eventscritical writing, questioning different viewpoints, examining reasonsa process through which you develop or change your opinions and/or your behaviourHow do I structure my written reflection?There are many reflective writing models. One simple model is Rolfe’s (2001) What? So What? Now What? model.1. What? Report what happened, objectively without judgement or interpretation. Describe the facts and event(s) of an experience you have had. Some of the questions you might ask yourself are:What happened?What was my role in the situation?What was I trying to achieve?What actions did I take?What was the response of others?What feelings did it evoke in me and others?What were the consequences (good and bad) about the experience?This experience could be a seminar you attended, a team task in which you played a role, a work presentation you gave etc.  2. So What?This is the level of analysis and evaluation when we look deeper at what was behind the experience. It helps you to understand what you have learnt from the experience. Some of the questions you might ask yourself are:So what does this tell me?So what was going through my mind when I acted?So what did I base my actions on?So what more do I need to know about this?So what could/should I have done to make it better?So what is my new understanding of the situation?3. Now What?This is the level of synthesis. Here you build on the previous levels to consider alternative courses of action and choose what you need to do next. Some of the questions you might ask yourself are:Now what could I do to make things better?Now what actions do I need to take?Now what plans do I need to put into place?Now what might be the consequences (long term and short term benefits/drawbacks) to you, your organisation and your colleagues of this action?Now what might hold me back?Now what realistic goals will I work towards?The language of reflectionHere is a list of suggested reflective phrases you might like to use in your reflective writing:After observation….This comment tells me….In this situation I should have…Because of this activity I was prompted to…This is an indication of…To promote continued thinking I plan to..With hindsight, I should perhaps have…In retrospect…After this activity I found…. to be significant because…The significance of this activity…It is important for me to realize…This is significant because…I acknowledge that…I focused on….because…I realized that…In the future…      I have since concluded…   On reflection I feel that….
Other considerationsMake connections between the experience and your knowledge Show evidence that you have learnt something specific as a result of your experienceInclude the views and motives of others involved, as well as an awareness of your own feelings in response to the event Show your awareness of your own strengths and qualities…and of your own weaknesses and, therefore, areas for improvementQuestion what you did and whether you could / would do something differently next time (Action planning for personal development)Show evidence of personal learning and change

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