Policy Brief How can the Ministry of Health in The Kingdome of Bahrain ensure the establishment of an effective diabetic preventive programs for adults at risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in Bahrain by the year 2020

Creation of awareness ought to be the most initial action because of the promising rewards it holds to the prevention and reduction of diabetes frequencies.Diabetes mellitus has over the years risen up to be a major global health concern. The prevalence of this disease has unremarkably been highest in the Middle East. Therefore, concerns over the number of disabilities and premature deaths occurring as a result, have equally increased. Research shows that a lot of money is used for diabetic-related action. including insulin shots used to regulate the blood sugar levels, awareness and sensitization. (Dagogo, 2006) These funds could be put into other uses if a control mechanism were established to regulate and reduce its levels of prevalence. For this reason, diabetes economically weighs down the countries in which it is prevalent. This amount is considerably too much if viewed from the point of view that the prevention of diabetes involves simple practices of changing lifestyles and regular exercising. (Badran amp. Laher, 2012)Though other factors such as genetics also make a contribution to the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in the Arabian countries, most of it is caused by the spurt in economic development within these countries over the last three decades. (Badran amp. Laher, 2012) Economic growth, on the other hand, led to rampant mechanization ultimately leading to a drop in physical activity. (Roses, 2010) Physical inactivity serves as a risk factor to diabetes mellitus II, aside from predisposing one to obesity and hypertension, both of which are complications associated with the disease. Urbanization has also been identified as the leading factor to the prevalence of diabetes mellitus II in the Middle East as it makes people prone to sedentary lifestyles and change in diet. Nutritional factors play a major contribution to the development of the disease

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