History

Overthrow Americas Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq by Stephen Kinzer

The present research has identified that, as Stephen Kinzer puts it in his book, ‘No nation in modern history has done this so often, in so many places so far from its own shores.’ Through in this book, Stephen Kinzer gives us an insight on the big picture on how the American Government overthrew not just one or two but fourteen foreign governments, in more than 110 years for its personal, economic and political aim. The arguments have varied from civilizing others to protect others, to Christianize others and guard and liberating others, often leaving the countries in a state worse off. Whereas, in reality, America has been trying to have control over the natural resources of other countries and stretch their regime of power over the world at the same time crushing enemy ideologies. Kinzer opines that the results have however been damaging to the target nation and for America as well, in terms of human lives, security and the economic state of the country. This has, instead of strengthening the country, weakened its stability and has lit the fire of anti-Americanism across many nations. Kinzer explains why a range of invasions and operations were planned and pursued, which ultimately led to the catastrophic turning point in the history of America. Kinzer’s American history of invasion tells us a tale of its bold lies, immorality, and illegality. The first overthrow mentioned here is that of the coup at the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, it was for sugar, in Cuba, it was for mafia and land occupation, Nicaragua, Guatemala, and Honduras happened for United Fruits and ITT, Panama for canal and the last one being the invasion of Iraq in to ouster the regime of Saddam Hussein, mainly to have control over the oil reserves of the country. It has been the part of the US foreign policy for over a decade to elevate them, to spread their power, even if it takes them to curb other nations while showing an innocent face to the world over. The motives of American intervention abroad have ranged from banal and trite to calculated and strategic, but the reason has always been greed.

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