Data collection is an intricate part of a safety management systems and under the FAA AC 150 5200-37, it is not only required but it is essential to ensure that all the provisions of the FAA AC 150 5200-37 are adhered to. It should be noted that the FAA AC 150 5200-37 ensures that a proper balance with regards to the implementation of any safety management system and the capability of the organization itself to implement its own should be considered as long as it adheres to the minimum safety threshold prescribed by law. This way, even the safety strategy that maybe formulated and implemented by the organization itself may far exceed the standards prescribed by law but the development of a stringent safety policy should be encouraged beyond what is mandated by law if it vital or essential in the operation.Data collection should have the following focus: First is the Compliance Monitoring of the Policies and Procedures and the other is the incident recording and resolution recording that should similarly detail the temporary solutions provided therein. The twin strategy should ensure that old safety issues are addressed not to mention the new ones including those neglected or overlooked in the first assessment are recorded when they create a problem. The data collection strategy will equally be used as a means or as a vehicle to discover patterns if not continuously manifesting incidents that could be an indication of a systemic problem that should be resolved at the soonest possible time.Compliance monitoring is best conducted using an objective measure in the form of statistics that best convey the true state or the actual compliance of an organization. Compliance monitoring is also the best way to determine the preparedness.