Philosophy

Modern Spaces

Unlike past centuries in which the material element of the building was the main focus of the design, the backbone philosophy of modern architecture is seen as an exploration of the intimate relationships that are shared between the constructed space and its occupants. In other words, modern architecture is all about finding and legitimizing the connections between human emotions and physical space as the places reserved for community interaction are identified (Massey 2000, p.49). Scholars define modernity as the relationship between a space in which to live and material architecture or as a condition of living imposed upon individuals by the socioeconomic process of modernisation (Heynen 1999, p.4). Thus, modernity should be understood as a conceptual framework of individual expression as well as a reflection of society as a whole. This implies that it is comprised of intellectual ideas and movements as well as by the development of new processes and materials of modernisation. In the architectural context, modernity is the dialectical relationship … which modernism consciously or unconsciously, directly or indirectly, positively or negatively reflects the effects of capitalist development (Heynen 1999: 4). The modernist ideology is thus revealed to have a number of different contexts bound together and interacting with our social understandings contributing to our intuitive and overt sense and understanding of space. To improve our understanding of modern spaces, it is helpful to begin applying the theories to actual practice as they were explored by such architects as Le Corbusier.The primary influence Modernism had was brought forward during the early to mid-1900s. This occurred as a result of the excitement of industrialization and the introduction of new materials which inspired a new direction in design and philosophy. The rationale behind modernism is complex. It is fundamental as well as aesthetic, involving ethics, progress, knowledge and techniques, all defined by mankind’s requirement for shelter, space for social interaction, and a desire to incorporate the wonders of the machine age.

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