Learning is knowledge creation. Your whole brain is totally involved in learning. It is estimated that there are 9 to 12 million neurons (nerve cells) and about 8 times more of interconnections. Information is transmitted by neurons. More you learn and understand, more interconnections are created. Brain is analogous to hardware. Cognitive skills are software that operates the Brain. If you master the cognitive skills – the software – you become a highly capable learner.
Main learning styles:
M/s Richard Bandler and John Grinder, in their most informative book, “Frogs into princess” (Real people press, Utah – 1979) state that different people use their brains in different manner. They found people’s thinking differ; some think in pictures, some in sound, semantics etc; and still others think in terms of feelings and sensation. On this basis three predominant learning styles were evolved.
- Visual style
- Auditory style
- Kinesthetic style
Information synthesis of learning is possible through (1) input (2) processing, and (3) output just as you have in a computer system. This mostly consists of one of the three styles seen above but differ from people to people.
The visual style is the most common style used. It is believed that as much as 60 to 70 percent of people use this style. This style represents using pictures, notes, diagrams and written information. Visual learners will have high capability in written communication. They convert words into images and remember. Students are instilled, encouraged and trained in visual learning system in almost all countries. It is also a fact that in this style, info/data input and subsequent processing and recall of data from stored data banks in your brain become easier. It is possible for the person who has developed skills on visual style to process quite a good quality of info/data most effectively.
In this style learners know how to recognize most efficiently, words that were spoken. They are bound to listen attentively any lectures and afterwards take notes. For them aural info is essential. They would like to hear information, as written down info has no value for them. Approximately 25 to 35 % of people use Auditory style.
A small example: We all have one language as our mother tongue. How do you learn it? Right from your infancy you have been incessantly and without a break heard sounds that finally emerge to be your mother tongue as you grow. You start recognizing the sounds around you, your Mom’s love and affection are showered on you using your mother tongue to convey meaning. In the cradle till you start standing, you are relentlessly attacked with a particular sound, which you as you grow up recognize as your mother tongue. Nothing written down has been shown to you to understand.
This style is purely based on feelings and sensations. In this style students learn effectively by their hands and movement. There are about 5% of people who use this style effectively. Students who use this style mostly are reported to have problems in handling written or auditory information.