Historians’ Interpretation of the German Role in Starting World War I

There are also historians who support that Germany did not have actually any particular benefit from World War I. Towards this direction, it is supported by Hubatch et al. (1963, 15) that ‘the historic phenomenon of World War I has not yet become part of the past to such an extent that no new problems remain to be solved. conversely, the time has diminished the importance of some points of disagreement. yet those years were a decisive turning point in the world history of our era’. In fact, World War I has been often underestimated while the Second World War is considered to have the most severe effects on millions of people around the world. However, it could be supported that both these wars had equal effects on the lives of people internationally as many countries involved in both these wars while their effects can still be observed in specific regions within the international community (see the case of Japan).Before World War I Germany and Britain had a relatively good relationship and there was no evidence that these two countries could become the basic participants of this War. Regarding this issue, it has been found by Wilkinson (2002, 21) that ‘in Britain German ideas and culture was viewed as significant. R.B. Haldane, the War Minister, was not alone in recognizing Germany as `his spiritual home, for many shared his enthusiasm for German culture and philosophy. German secondary and tertiary education was correctly perceived to be decades ahead of Britain, especially in the realm of science and technology’. Because of the above reasons, the beginning of World War I was a totally unexpected event with no specific reasons and justifications. Apart from its beginning, the reasons for the development and the duration of this War cannot also be identified. The above assumption was also supported by Higham et al. (2003, 27) who stated that ‘why the First World War lasted as long as it did.

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