Geography

Globalisation

On account of such transformations taking place on a massive scale the concept of globalization has also been described by many as the end of mankind’s ideological evolution (Cazdyn and Szeman, 2011: 25. Herod, 2009: 39). of renewable natural resources (Brauch et al., 2009: 679). as well as the end of the world – thus inciting controversies. both – within and beyond the academic and literary circles. As the process of globalization intensifies, the debates, controversies and criticisms surrounding the same are likely to grow simultaneously. This paper aims to discuss various key aspects of globalization beginning from the general definitions of the term to the key features, impacts and implications, theoretical underpinnings of the concept, and criticisms as well as counterviews surrounding it.
According to Giddens (1990) globalization is defined as "the intensification of worldwide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa" (qtd. in Hothi, 2005 p. 10).
Walters (2001) describes globalization as "A social process in which constraints of geography on social and cultural arrangements recede in which people become increasingly aware that they are receding" (p.5).
According to Friedman (1999) globalization is "the inexorable integration of markets, nation-states and technologies to a degree never witnessed before- in a way that is enabling individuals, corporations and nation-states to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper, and cheaper than ever before, and in a way that is also producing a powerful backlash from those brutalized or left behind by this new system… Globalization means the spread of a free-market capitalism to virtually every country in the world" (p.7-8).
As observed from the above definitions, the concept of globalization is diverse and

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