Philosophy

Glimpse of Scriptures of Religions of Indian Origin

Sikhism, Buddhism and DaoismSikhism:Sikh is a word taken from Punjabi language meaning ‘disciple’. In followers of Sikhism follow the teachings of ten Sikh gurus. These followers are termed as disciple of God. The holy book for Sikhism followers is Sri Guru Granth Sahib.Sikhism was founded by Guru Nanak (born in 1469). (Sinha, 2013, p. 241-242) He used to preach the message of love and kindness and criticized the sightless rituals of the Muslims and Hindus. His teachings were passed on to nine successive Gurus. The last Guru (Tenth one), Guru Gobind Singh died in 1708.Philosophy and BeliefsNo other God but one. Same God is for every person and every religion.The soul passes through the phases of birth and death before reaching to human form. The aim of life is to live and exemplary life so that our soul may merge with God. Every follower of Sikh religion should always remember God and practice living a moral and honest life and should maintain a balance between the obligations of temporal and spiritual.The right path to attain salvation and merging with God does not require rejection of the world or abstaining yourselves from any sexual relations, but by leading a life as a householder, living an honest life and stay away from sins and worldly temptations.There are no blind rituals in Sikhism like as superstitions, visiting places of pilgrimage, fasting, worship of the dead and idols etc.It was formed to create a religious equality among men and women, and to live pure and natural way of life while attaching with God all the time. Budism and DaoismBoth these most influential beliefs have shaped Asian history. Both of these religions have dominated majority of Asian regions, especially India and China. They have been around thousands of years. Both Buddhism and Daoism are different in many things, yet share the same original confidence in renascence. Both have its own approach to such belief in the same way both emphasize a different way of life.Buddhism was founded by Siddharta Gautama, he belong to a royal family and was born as a prince in 624 BC in a place called Lumbini. He was known as Buddha meaning ‘enlightened one’. From the beginning Buddhism has been embraced to be a philosophy and a religion at the same time. The core values of Buddhism are encapsulated in three things.To be mindful of actions and thoughts.To develop understanding and wisdomTo lead a honorable life.Goal of a Buddhism follower is to achieve Nirvana, the eventual happiness and enlightenment. Nirvana can only be attained once all misery has been surpassed. Daoism (Taoism) was first introduced in China. The main focus of Daoism is on subjects that moves around religious and philosophical backgrounds for example, peace, strength, openness, naturalness, hollowness, connection between universe and humanity, and inaction or wu wei. Daoism came from the word Tao which means the ‘way’, the power that exists in all life in the world. Therefore the aim of the Daoist’s is to straighten up him with that way. According to Daoism the soul never dies, it is everlasting and changes to another life till completion of Taoist goals. Therefore, it believes in reawakening and with this endless existence of soul, this is the first reason of Tao that to look forward but the cause is the not finite. This can be accomplished through separating oneself from possible desires, and diversion and following natural flow of the cosmos.ReferencesSinha,A.K. (2013). Glimpse of scriptures of religions of indian origin: Hinduism, buddhism, jainism, sikhism. S.l.: Xlibris Corporation.

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