Other researchers through the years have tried to explain the importance of feminist criminology in the under-representation of women as victims within all social classes and societies. The theories developed in feminist criminology have advanced the interpretation of women’s roles as perpetrators of crime and women as victims of crime as they tend to be ignored among genders in all social classes.In analyzing the contributions feminist criminology has made to women as perpetrators of crime and as victims of crime, it is necessary to discuss the near-complete lack of female presence in criminological literature. In fact, it could be stated that up until the decade of the 1970s no specific study had been made on the involvement of women with a crime. The founding of feminist criminology can be credited in 1976 with the publication of Carol Smarts Women, Crime and Criminology: A Feminist Critique. This book put women’s crime on the empirical agenda for the discipline and was ground-breaking in its attempt to build a theory that would explain men as well as women’s crime. Smart (1976) states that up until at least the last third of a century, the majority of mainstream theories involved research into male criminals interpreted through the eyes of predominantly male researchers. The problems female crime did pose to theorizing were usually ignored or simply molded to fit male-based accounts. Smart expressed the concern that criminology, even in its most fundamental form, would be unaffected by the criticism of feminists. Smart (1976: 185) states, Criminology as well as sociology have to turn out to be more than the research of men along with crime if it is to have an important role in the development of our understanding of crime, law along with the criminal procedure and play some role in the complete transformation of current social practices.