Philosophy

EXPLORATION PAPER

Emmanuel Kant is arguably one of the greatest western philosophers who devised methods to evaluate the reason and functioning of morality in human mind. According to him, ‘Categorical Imperative’ which is a standard of rationality determines morality. And, hence, the violation of CI becomes irrational and thereby an immoral act. From among the lists of names that appear before a researcher’s choice for references, Emmanuel Kant is the most prolific name as he is regarded as the most admired scholar in the field of modern philosophy. The greatest name in the present day philosophy was a German, born on 22 April 1724, to live only 79 years in this world. The thinker’s life was all about searching the facts that were hidden behind the fluctuating human tendencies to react to changing circumstances and the prominence of controllable factors lying in the apparently inexplicable character demonstrations of human beings. Kant’s time was during the eighteenth century, the relevance of exploring his observations is everlasting – at least until human being stops erring, either intentionally or instinctively. The magnificent effect of his appraisal of human behavior modals and the quality of his observations relative of the thesis of his researches make him a stalwart in his field. Among all his remarkable theories, Kant’s approach on metaphysical elements of human psychology is remarkable as they deal with the reasons behind ethics in detail. According to his view (Kant Abbot, 2008, p. 15), the obedience to moral laws followed by the rather unholy human minds is derivative of the constraints set by the notion of duty vested in them. He explains that the development of a resistance mechanism incepts in the human minds against the seductions of external factors which attracts an individual to do the morally wrong things and this development obstructs him most of the time from involuntary actions by submitting to the force of moral laws. Kant’s arguments go in support with the existence of a motivation in human minds proportionate to the need for respecting moral laws. His theory on moral laws is further explained with the evidences of civic behavior of individuals to show respect to the sets of rules administered by social and legal laws. What he establishes with the philosophical views is the abstinence of an individual from a theoretically developed set of rules does not constitute respect for the code of ethics to be followed as per the guidelines of any institutional body. Kant’s view on the aspect of humility concerns on individuals as a matter of comparative elements surrounding normal social life is inspirational for the enhancement of self-esteem in order to build a stronger personality. Kant (Kant, Heath Schneewind, 1997, p. 129) argues that the usual feelings of human beings to find comparative standards among one another is insignificant of the desired levels required for developing a franchise to evaluate the real meaning of humility that is expected only to derive from the self-assessment of an individual’s distance from the actual standards he sets based on his own moral laws. The constraints set by the influence of moral laws thus are decisive of the integrity of an individual with the combination of ethics and self-esteem needs based on the ability to create choices of preferences in his social life. An empirical study of by Emmanuel Kant reviews the features of a comparative examination of both civic laws

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