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This week, I would like you to discuss similarities with past pandemics, and the current COVID-19 pandemic using this link https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1968-pandemic.htmlWhat do you see as similar, and what do you see as different?It is CRITICAL that you document your sources with the week’s discussion. If your post has no references or the references are really not reliable nor valid, then you will receive zero points for the post. This includes both your own post, and your comments on other’s posts.The rationale for this involves the amount of commentary that is available about the pandemic from people that are not scientists, nor do they have the knowledge of infectious diseases. What they DO have is a strong desire to sound good and influence people. We HAVE TO know what is good information and hat is not good information.Several posts due this week… You must write three original posts, and comment on five other posts for a total of eight posts for credit this week.EXAMPLE:Post 1: An initial similarity between COVID-19 and the 2009 (H1N1) pdm09 virus was the unknown of the virus’. Both viruses’ have not been seen in human before yet strands of the virus had. COVID-19 is new coronavirus that has not been detected in humans before. There have been many strands of coronavirus that have detected in humans before such as the common cold (CDC, 2020).Similarly, the 2009 (H1N1) pdm09 virus was very different from H1N1 virus’ that were detected before the pandemic. There were few young people who were found to have the antibodies likely from a previous exposure to H1N1 virus strand (CDC, 2019).Both the recent pandemics were mutated strands of virus’ that we have seen before.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, May 9). Coronavirus (COVID-19) frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/faq.htmlCenters for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, June 11). 2009 H1N1 Pandemic (H1N1pdm09 virus). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/2009-h1n1-pandemic.html.Post 2:The effects of the H1N1 virus and the COVID-19 pandemics seem to different in terms of total number of cases. As of right now, the COVID-19 virus seems that it will project more cases than the H1N1 virus.The CDC estimated that 151,700-575,400 people died worldwide from (H1N1) pdm09 virus during the first year. Additionally, the CDC estimated that from April 12, 2009 to April 10, 2010 there were 60.8 million cases worldwide (CDC, 2019).The CDC currently reports 1,342,594 cases and 80,820 deaths in the United States (CDC, 2020). The virus is also hitting many other countries.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, May 7). Cases in the U.S.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, June 11). 2009 H1N1 Pandemic (H1N1pdm09 virus). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/2009-h1n1-pandemic.html.Post 3:In the current and then most recent pandemics, the virus’ spread in similar ways. The H1N1 spreads in similar ways to the seasonal flu; it mainly spreads from person to person or from touching an infected surface and then touching your face (CDC, 2019). Similarly, COVID-19 spreads mainly through close contact person to person by respiratory droplets. The virus can also be spread from people who do not show symptoms (CDC, 2020).Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, May 7). Cases in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/cases-updates/cases-in-us.html.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019, June 11). 2009 H1N1 Pandemic (H1N1pdm09 virus). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/2009-h1n1-pandemic.html.5 Peers to reply on (With including references in the reply):1: When looking at COVID-19 and the HIV pandemic, there are many differences. First of all, COVID-19 is transmitted via cough and sneeze, while HIV is transmitted by direct contact with bodily fluids of someone with HIV (Newman, 2020).Another difference is that COVID-19 is currently not treatable or preventable by drugs, while HIV has antiviral medication to treat (Newman, 2020).And lastly, there’s an obvious difference between the two, one is an immunodeficiency virus and the other is a novel coronavirus (Newman, 2020).2: According to the CDC, H1N1 had an estimated death toll of 151,700 – 575,400 people worldwide. According to John Hopkins University as of today May 13, 2020 Coronavirus has had 80,820 deaths in the United States alone. However John Hopkins University provides the global number of deaths due to COVID-19 which are 294,155. The similarity would be that these two pandemics have and are continuing to taking lives of many people.3: In comparison to other pandemics such as SARS, COVID-19 is much less deadly. However, COVID-19 is much more pervasive and more easily spread than SARS (Callaway et. al, 2020). This has contributed to the number of COVID-19 cases far surpassing the number of SARS cases in a much shorter period of time. Additionally, COVID-19 has a much higher ability to survive in the human body that SARS, and is less easily identifiable when compared to SARS. SARS has very severe and noticeable symptoms, where COVID-19 can be asymptomatic in infected people (Ries, 2020).4: When comparing the 1918 influenza to that of the 2019 corona virus, it can be seen that they both had different age groups that were at an increased risk. According to the CDC, the 1918 influenza had impacted children that were younger than 5, those older than 65, and even those that were between 20 and 40 years old (2019). The surprising and unique property of this flu pandemic was that it impacted those that were healthy in the 20-40 year old age group (CDC, 2019). When comparing to COVID-19, those that are a higher risk are individuals who are 65 and older and any person that has underlying health or medical conditions (CDC, 2020).5: A difference between COVID-19 and Ebola is that Ebola is extremely deadly as it killed 50% of those who got infected (Ries, 2020). Ebola was predominately spread through bodily fluids like sweat and blood during the last stages of the disease, but it wasn’t as contagious as COVID-19 (Ries, 2020). Another difference is because symptoms with Ebola were so severe, health officials were able to quickly identify those who had been in contact with people who had it and isolate them (Ries, 2020). However, in COVID-19 the level of severity in symptoms varies between person to person and individuals can even be asymptotic making it difficult for health officials to conduct contact tracing.

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