Deanna’s Input for Question 1:As Chief Executive Officer of Riverside County, water resources are a top priority to ensure public needs are adequately being met for all county communities. Water is essential and a human right. Without water, life will not exist. The sources of drinking water (both tap water and bottle water) include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, springs, and wells. It is extremely important to eliminate as much contaminants in drinking water for the public health. As such high demands in the county for clean drinking water, there is a need to create a new water management policy, which includes the development of a new drinking water treatment plant to respond to this critical need. The following steps are proposed to help coordinate the new water management policy. The first step is to ensure that choices are rational and based on facts to the highest extent possible. This will help to reduce the tendency for decisions to be driven by individual and/or groups who may be motivated by personal and political interests. One way I would go about this task is to ensure the process is rational and use a policy development framework such as the Eightfold Path. The process includes the following steps.Policy Development Framework – Eightfold Path1. Define the problem – review literature to determine conditions that cause the identified problem.2. Assemble evidence – review sources to ensure they are coming from a trustworthy scholarly source, for example: college or public library; peer-reviewed journal; and database which contains peer-reviewed journals. Additional reputable policy review sources include: Public Policy Institute of California; Legislative Analyst’s Office; United States Government Accountability Office; and the Congressional Research Service.3. Construct alternatives – review and report on alternative policy options.4. Select criteria – introduce evaluative criteria for the policy (e.g., efficiency, policy sustainability, political acceptability, etc.).5. Project outcomes – develop outcomes matrix; include project outcomes that others may be interested in.6. Confront trade-offs – conduct marginal analysis; clarify the trade-offs between outcomes associated with various policy options.7. Narrow and decide – determine plausibility of proposed course of action.8. Communicate and disseminate – ensure final narrative is digestible and not too technical in nature; tailor final report to meet the needs of county’s audience (community business owners, residents and environmentalist) Stakeholder -Due to high demands and the complexity of the issue, the challenge of creating a new water management policy would be best undertaken through a collective effort of government, private and non-profit sector leaders. Engaged leadership is extremely important for a successful planning process. Leading an effort to coordinate a new water management policy for the County requires a distant set of leadership attributes that will motivate the workforce to do more than merely process planning documents. Engagement consists of interacting with various stakeholders. There will also be continued efforts to include additional groups and individuals as necessary. The following is a list of stakeholders who would need to be involved for a successful planning. Government agencies and agents – local and state elected officials (e.g., mayors, county supervisors, etc.); local municipal water board; Western Municipal Water District; the State Water Resources Control Board, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Water Resources, Water Management Group, Public Health Officials, Water Utility Company in Riverside County, and local land management and recreation agencies. Specific needs may include discussion and formal agreements on jurisdiction and other legal formalities. They need ample time for discussions and decisions to go through each agency governing body. Private sector – Water study groups; Underwood Engineers, local business and landowners; energy companies; and agricultural land groups; and legal counsel and experts. Specific needs may include input on policy deficiencies and potential impact on local business. Non-profit sector – environmental organizations, preservation and advocacy groups. Specific needs may include adequate time to conduct environmental impact studies. Citizens – Specific needs may include input and feedback during planning and public comment periods; monthly/annually water quality report.Overall, general stakeholders will need data that is accurate, timely, and unbiased in terms of water quality. They will need clear communication and transparency. Also, progress reports such as fiscal (e.g., expense, efficiency analysis, etc.).ResourcesThe resources will include but limited to: Research (Existing policies with the water and environment. Knowing the laws to be complaint. Consulting services such as water and environmental experts Communication (internal and external), awareness campaign – newspaper, flyers, social media, website, town hall meetings. Training Monitoring and enforcement Time, Capital, and Human Resources Budget (allocation of funds and funding plan) Staffing (personnel)Leadership Theories that helped guide the effort – New Public Service – accountability of officials; primary role of public servant is to help uplift the voice and increase engagement of citizens. Helps to offset issues of individualism and low citizen engagement. Rational Choice Theory – Concept that administrators should base their decisions on economic principles which factor opportunity costs between choices. Public managers can, and should, rely on finding from scientifically based studies which can then be used to shape equitable, informed, cost-effective and operationalizable decisions. Rational choice theory may also be used to help mitigate the impact of the politics administration dichotomy as the approach reduces the level of personal bias and ensures decisions are made through an informed and cost-saving lens. Reality is there is never enough time and resources to review all possible options, as a result the actual becomes more of a bounded rational approach, which administrators factor in as much information as possible prior to making decisions.