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Evolution of Cognition

2). This branch of psychology digs in deep into the human’ mind on how we think, process and learn information. Part of studying cognitive psychology is to understand how we form our beliefs, understand language that could influence our mood and behavior. In the early days of psychology, part of understanding this learning process involved introspection. The advent of cognitive psychology as a discipline in psychology had this method of inquiry dismissed due to its lack of objectivity. II. Interdisciplinary perspective and its relationship to cognitive Psychology Understanding how we learn, which is the field of cognitive psychology involves several other disciplines as we attempt to peek into the mind and understand how it learns, how it influences our moods, our behaviors and our belief system. Often, the work of other sciences intersects with cognitive psychology that it would be difficult to delineate the boundary between them such as that the work of neuroscientists, social scientists, organizational theorists, managers and others. Inquiring into the mind on how it learns, processes and influences us is important for various reasons. Not only that it gives us an invaluable insight on how we learn, but it also has practical applications which have economic value. For example, cognitive psychology is also a field of interest among organizational theorists and managers because understanding how our mind works makes them more effective in dealing with their employees – on how to motivate them, how to keep them happy and how to optimize their performance. Managers cannot motivate employees if they do not understand how their employees perceive things. In addition, enhancing performance cannot be done if an organization cannot optimize the cognitive capacity of its employees. III. The emergence of cognitive psychology as a discipline. Perhaps it was Descartes of the 17th century who first gave idea to cognitive thinking when he introduced his computational theory of mind. It was Max Wertheimer however who laid the foundation of cognitive psychology when he introduced Gestalt Psychology which laid down the foundation of cognitive psychology through the use of observation of sensory and perceptual phenomena. This gave birth to the early study of psychology such as behaviorism and using introspection as a mode of study in Psychology which was later rejected with the advent of Cognitive Psychology due to its lack of objectivity. Cognitive Psychology was coined by American psychologists Ulric Neisser when he published his book Cognitive Psychology of which he provided its first comprehensive definition of all processes by which the sensory input is transformed, reduced, elaborated, stored, recovered, and used. It is concerned with these processes even when they operate in the absence of relevant stimulation, as in images and hallucinations… Given such a sweeping definition, it is apparent that cognition is involved in everything a human being might possibly do. that every psychological phenomenon is a cognitive phenomenon (Neisser, 1967) Noam Chomsky revolutionized Cognitive Pscyhology as a discipline in psychology and caused the decline of behaviorial psychology. The shift towards cognitive psychology begun with his work Cartesian Linguistics in 1966 which he laid down language as a faculty of learning which is different from its behaviorist precursor which rely more on classic conditioning as a requisite for learning. Also, the

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