History

Elder Abuse and The Cycle of Violence

We shall discuss about the elder abuse and the cycle of violence. We elucidate the violence first, cycle of violence next, and finally the elder abuse. About 250,000 years ago man descended to the earth with all the brutality of his ancestors. The latent violence in his mind is the root of the scare of elder abuse. Nations wage war among themselves. revolutionists resort to civil war for their claim. Terrorists sow the seeds of terror everywhere they go. Mafia dons and brigands live mainly on intimidation. The ether is filled with the non stop propagation of such violence related news and stories by media. Thus we inhale violence.
Violence is an act of aggression in interpersonal interaction. The sense of self, perception of another’s autonomy and identity are put into question by violence. It is a coercive mechanism to assert one’s will over another, to prove or to feel a sense of power.1 The intergenerational relationship between adolescents and their parents are commonly thought to be sensitive and tense in modern days. Adolescent rebellion is construed as a normal process towards maturity in modern societies, unlike tribal groups in which the factor of maintaining authority by parents on their off springs is not at all found (Johnson, 1976). Violence is of two types. physical and mental. Physical violence may be ascribed to impulsive stimulants or behavioral belief system or due to intoxication or any other neuropsychiatry condition. Mental violence is simply due to perversion. Perpetrators who indulge in psychological abuse are normally the victims of child abuse. Abnormal occurrences such as encounter with terrorist activities in early child hood or adolescence make one pervert. The aggressive behavior2 in a man is related to his family circumstances too. Use of alcohol, illicit objects and weapons enhance the possibility of occurrence of family violence.
Stress factor also determines the incidence of violence. This plays its role on the care givers. When the relationship between the care giver and the receiver is poor to begin with, then the care giver is susceptible to be abusive.. The enthusiasm and interest of an adult in nurturing his young off spring is naturally greater than his duty bound care giving to his parents who are older in age. This in turn buttresses the desire for independence3 among the old. Interfamilial differences and conflict occur when the adult care giver and the elders happen to meet some joint responsibilities such as shifting to the place of adult off springs’ duty station, disposing off the wealth of the elders or partitioning of the elders’ wealth. Elders are distraught4 when they are made dependent.
Coming to the cycle of violence, we have to know a bit of child abuse. For, the "cycle of violence" hypothesis suggests that a child hood history of physical violence predisposes the survivor to violence in later years. To test this hypothesis Cathy(2001)examined the violent criminal behavior as the functional type of maltreatment experienced as a child. She found that physically abused children were the most likely violent compared to the neglected group and victims of sexual abuse who graded a lesser degree of violent.
Many a researchers found that a cycle of violence has three parts

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