Social

Childs Behaviour

The basic approach of identifying personalities is to find out the underlying dimensions which reflect the child’s behaviour and then to identify what caused the child to behave in this manner. Perhaps it could be the consequences of recent happenings and experience or it could be other reasons pertaining to the environment or happenings of earlier times, the memory of which is still clear in the child’s mind.
Now these temperaments can be inherited from the parents. According to Hinde, "all behaviour has a genetic basis. Thus the three dimensions, Emotional, Activity and Sociability may have a significant genetic component. According to research done, it is seen that both genetic and environmental influences the development of a child. Thus personality results also from the experience that people encounter during childhood where individual differences are concerned like intelligence. Intelligence has been understood to manifest itself in early adulthood rather than in childhood. Thus Dunn and Kendrick point out "that children’s behaviour is not independent of the situations in which they find themselves." In particular behaviour is influenced by the social concept that is the people who are present with the child. It is noticed that a child who is very low in adapting to situations will have an aversive experience. This is because of the erratic pattern which the parents had in caring for their child. The same child if cared by parents who are regular in their routine in bringing up their child will be well suited or better suited in adapting itself to situations. Take the case of Noel or that of Margie. Noel had behavioural problems. His parents separated and he and his sister moved in with his mother’s boyfriend and his two sons. Noel hated the atmosphere. he stole and destroyed many of the toys belonging to the sons of his step father. Margie is aged ten. She is constantly anxious, she is worried about doing poorly at school that her friends won’t like her and her parent would be worried about the way she did her household jobs. Margie was the eldest of four siblings and her parents who were anxious about her anxiety when interviewed revealed that Margie’s mother was treated with medication for anxiety over a number of years. Therefore a child’s behaviour is thought of as a problem only when we draw the line between typical and atypical behaviour. Also knowing the child’s age is essential in judging the behaviour of the child. If a one year old child clings to its parents it is observed that there is a strong attachment between the child and his/ her parents, whereas if a five year old behaves in a similar manner, it will be observed as over dependent. If children misbehave, it is a universal thought of blaming the parents and their parenting. It is said, "The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world". Though the mothers may not be the prime caretakers of the infant it has been widely observed and portrayed that the biological mother is the

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