History

Angkor Wat Cambodia

The three areas of architectural analysis are material and structure, bas relief and function of the building.
The temple stands on a terrace raised higher than the city. Three rectangular galleries rise to a central tower, each level higher than the last. One gallery is dedicated to one particular god. Each gallery has a gopura at each point and there are towers at the corners of the inner galleries which form a quincunx with the central tower. The features are oriented with their back eastwards as the temple faces west. The west-facing steps are shallower than the other side. The outer gallery measures 40250 sq m in the area with pavilions towers at the corners. The structure is buttressed by columned half-galleries which are extended throughout and are open to the outside temple. The galleries and the towers, all are made according to the Khmer architecture with Khmer inscriptions throughout the gallery walls. There are four ponds for fulfilling the water requirement of the building which is currently dry and looks as if they were courtyards. The second and inner galleries are connected to each other and to two flanking libraries by another cruciform terrace, again a later addition. Devatas abound on the walls are present both singly and in groups of up to four. it starts from the second level. If we trace the history it is revealed that the second level was originally flooded in the past due to the ocean around Mount Meru. The stairways are very deep but it does not represent the architecture, it is related to the religious aspect of the architecture of the building as the stairways are made steep to depict the difficulty for ascending to the gods. The walls feature statues and bas reliefs which will be discussed.

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