Geography

An Assessment of Risks in Romania

The risk of flooding that is explained by the Romanian Academy Geography Institution extended the distribution site of the sites of Seveso. this provided an opportunity for these areas to be categorized as areas that are prone to Natech event. In Romania, areas that are categorized as flood risk occupy a larger surface hence increasing the probability of the occurrence of Natech with the major cause flooding. The largest area of the site of Seveso that could be affected by the floods is located in the central and western part of Romania. Sites of Seveso can also be found in Mures, Hunedoara, and Alba counties. However, other counties in Romania which do not have the Seveso Sites and have a high risk of being affected by the floods are majorly at the west and they include Olt-South, Caransebes-South-West, Giurgiu, and Caras (European Environment Agency, 2010).
The year 2003 was exceptional when viewing from a climatic point. Most of the part of Europe was affected by drought with the regime of inadequate precipitation and high temperature. In this year, the maximum temperature that has been highly recorded in history was exceeded. In England, 38.10C was recorded while Germany and France recorded 40.40C (Mara &amp. Vlad, 2007). The negative effects caused by the drought occurred in Italy and the Iberian Peninsula in which tourists were affected by the drought. Furthermore, in The Netherlands, the authorities put restriction measures in place in electrical consumption. Also, in Eastern Europe and in Balkans, agricultural crops were compromised. In Romania, after a moderately calm winter that extended until April and started in May, the thermal system became extremely dry. June and May, which have been known for history top be months of rain, were almost without rain. The regime of drought occurred quickly and harshly. The southern part of Romania experienced the most droughts due to lack of precipitation, lowering of the groundwater table, a temperature that is high and increased river drought. The combining effect of hydrological and metrological drought caused soil drought which resulted in extreme drought at the local level. The vegetation situation of the agricultural crops was worsened by the increased air temperature, over biological strength dangerous limits, and lasting soil and atmospheric drought. The minimum flow rate of the Danube River was recorded in the stream lower part with a rate of about 1600cm/s compared with the monthly multi-annual mean value of 5.500cm/s. Just by the end of the year, Europe precipitation regime increased, hence reducing the drought effect. An exceptional initially conserved structure of Byzantine docking, wooden made, complicated by clay and stone, emerged during the 2003 extreme drought (Mara &amp. Vlad, 2007).

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